5 Best Website ADA Compliance Practices

 


5 Best Website ADA Compliance Practices

Technology is constantly evolving, and the world wide web is technically a public space and falls under some rules and regulations.

One of these regulations is the Americans with Disability Act (ADA), which, in summary, states that as a website creator, you must provide a website that is easily accessible to all potential customers. This means keeping your website from accessibility problems that your users may encounter.

The Website Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) have three levels: A, AA, and AAA, all different levels of ADA compliance. Level A is the minimum; AA is the mid-range level; AAA is the highest level.

According to Audioeye, a website that is not disability-friendly "increases the legal exposure to a potential accessibility lawsuit." Thus, use a free ADA compliance checker to scan your website for the needed ADA compliance. The following are five ADA website compliance practices to implement on your website.

 

1.    Add Alternative Text for Images

Individuals with visual impairment depend on screen readers to read content on your website. Screen readers can understand all the HTML text available on the page. However, they can't detect images. So, adding a simple but compelling line of image alt text in your HTML code will help the screen reader explain the meaning of the image to your site visitors. Alternative text is among the primary elements of content designing and creation.

 

2.    Use Fonts That Are Easy to Read

Throughout your website, avoid overly stylized fonts such as Brush Script or Ballers Delight. Currently, there is no particular requirement for choosing accessible fonts. However, easy-to-read and ADA-friendly fonts include Helvetica, Verdana, Calibri, Arial, Tahoma, and Bookman-Old Style. These fonts are simple and have no frills.

Although there is no minimum font size for website use, experts recommend setting the size between 12px and 16px and ensuring sufficient color contrast between the text and the background. Also, avoid poor color combinations between the text and background.

 

3.    Support Keyboard Navigation

Your users should be able to navigate the entire website using the tab key because some may be unable to use a mouse. Thus, every navigational item should have a focus indicator so you can determine where you are as you continue tabbing through it. As you design the site, consider how you want this to look. These are not the same as click states and hover states, although it is essential to develop all of them simultaneously.

 

4.    Use Sufficient Color Contrast

Color contrast, simply put, is how well colors differentiate from each other. If the colors associated with menu buttons are not distinct from the surrounding colors, it can be difficult for individuals with disabilities to distinguish them, making it difficult to use them.

Using sufficient contrast of colors makes your website content sharp enough for an individual with poor vision to read with ease.

 

5.    Create Transcripts for Audio and Video Content

Your website needs to offer equal access to information for users with various disabilities. Transcripts describing the audio and video content and providing closed-captioning on the website help users with hearing and visual disabilities to engage with your web content. Remove any videos that auto-play and let your users determine when to interact with your videos.

It is crucial to remain up-to-date on web content accessibility standards that continue changing as new technologies emerge. ADA compliance helps you reach a wider audience and improve your search engine results, giving you an edge over the competition.

 

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